Ceramic Tiles present a lot of texture, wealth, and color for many rooms. Tile floors can be installed in any room, but are most often seen in the Bathroom and Kitchen. Especially those who like them at the entrance, where they function as a transition point from outside to large carpeted rooms or wooden floors. They can be easily cleaned and resistant to water damage.
Ceramic tiles come in two basic types. Glossy and porcelain. Glazed holds the best for areas that are often traveled for walking and porcelain works well for bathrooms. Porcelain is usually more expensive, so consider budget and size. Tiles are also available in various shapes and sizes. However, for floors, it is recommended to use larger tiles up to 12 “x 12”.
For proper installation, the basic foundation or underlayment is very important. It usually consists of ¾ “to 1 ¼” of plywood. Tiles above Linoleum or existing tiles are also feasible, provided they are solid. I also recommend when the tile above the linoleum that first applies ring nails or screws 6 “in the middle of the entire area. The tiles can also be installed directly on the concrete. Make sure in all cases that the floor is flat and free of dust and dirt before installation.
Before actually installing tiles, it is best to put them in the room to see how they look. Look carefully at how it flows into the walls, in the corners and beside the cabinets, tubs and toilets. The trick is to place the tiles out so that the upward curved tiles do not appear in a very visible place. After finishing this, make two marks with a pencil that outlines the middle tile. These lines must be perpendicular to each other. Also note the most visible wall of the others. Now delete the tile. Next picture or snap a line perpendicular to this wall that is in line with one of the signs you made on the floor. Then, draw a line perpendicular to this first line. This second line must be centered on the first row and quite in accordance with the second sign you made on the floor. After you complete this task, rearrange several tiles along the perpendicular lines and observe if they run out in a way that will limit the cutting and turning off the tiles. After this is done, remove the tiles and prepare for the actual installation.
Again, make sure the area is free of dirt and dust. Next stick the ceramic adhesive or mastic to the floor, starting from the center, where two perpendicular reference lines intersect. Apply enough material to cover 6-10 square feet, if no cutting is needed. If cuts are needed, limit the number of mastic applications to around 2-4 square feet. When applying mastic, spread it first with the flat tip of the shovel. Place it above relatively thick, about 1/8 “to 3/16” thick. Then turn the shovel and run the notched edge on it. This creates ridges in mastic that help hold tiles safer. The bigger the tile, the bigger the notch. For example, using ¼ “notched trowel for tiles 12” x 12 “. Only enough to make ceramic adhesive for 30 minutes, because this material tends to harden faster.
After the adhesive is applied, start installing tiles that work from the center to the outside. Basically, apply a thin layer of mastic to the back of the tile before placing it on the floor. This will help ensure a good bond.
When you are near a wall or edge of a closet, tub and toilet, the tiles need to be cut into several. Highly recommended for using Wet-Saw. The Wet-Saw will allow you to make very accurate pieces, both large and small. It will also save money, because it will throw fewer tiles with bad cuts or tiles that are damaged when cut. Wet-Saws are not that expensive and once you see the finished product you will definitely install more tiles. Wet-Saws can also be rented as a cheaper alternative.
When applying Tiles, you might want to use Lugs. Lugs are effectively spacers that come in various thicknesses. Usually like to have no more than ¼ “space between tiles. Employing a Spacer will ensure uniformity with the distance of the tiles.
After the Tile is finished, leave it for 24-48 hours before installing the grout and walking on it. Nat comes in various colors and is very easy to install. Simply mix the grout with water or a special binding agent and apply it with a rubber shovel. Run the spade on bias when passing the corner of the tile.
After the grout is applied, immediately clean the excess grout tile, using a wet sponge and a bucket of water. Wait 30 minutes and again clean the tiles from the rest of the grout. Wait another 60 minutes and repeat.